The internet continues to be riskier by the day as hackers become more advanced. As such, any webmaster needs to be increasingly cautious in everything they do to ensure they are ahead of these hackers.
Below is a list of top 10 threats that website owners need to be aware of so as to take necessary measures
These threats come in the form of hostile data that tends to corrupt other data or commands sent over for processing by an interpreter. One of the most popular types of injections is SQL injection.
2. Insecure Direct Object References
This mostly occurs when web applications fail to verify whether their users are authorized to access various target resources. This makes it easy for attackers to steal crucial details from users accessing these resources.
3. Insecure Cryptographic Storage
This also entails a failure by web applications to safeguard important personal and financial information of users such as credit card and transactions details. This information can then be used by attackers to commit felonies online.
4. Cross-Site Scripting
Popularly known as XSS, Cross-Site Scripting involves hijacking of user sessions after hackers execute scripts on the user’s browser. This problem often arises when web applications freely send user data without first validating or encrypting it.
5. Invalidating Re-Directs and Forwards
This is a common phenomenon today where web users are forwarded or redirected to different pages that they didn’t intend to visit in the first place. Most of these pages are often infected with malware or phishing programs.
6. Cross-Site Request Forgery
This method involves hackers tricking web users to submit fake HTTP requests through avenues such as Cross-Site scripting or image tags. Users then end up filling their details on duplicated web pages that are programmed to generate fake requests. This way, attackers can predict any transaction details involved through automatic generation of cookies.
7. Security Misconfiguration
This mostly involves weaknesses in various security configuration avenues such as the frameworks, servers, codes, or the platforms used. This gives attackers access to sensitive files, pages, system data, or accounts.
8. Unrestricted Access to URL
Whenever web applications fail to protect sensitive information such as by allowing unauthorized users to access URLs of other users in session, users are bound to get exposed to exploitation by attackers who then go ahead and perform illegalities using these URLs.
9. Insufficient Transport Layer Protection
This occurs where an application fails to authenticate or encrypt sensitive traffic passing over a network due to factors such as weak algorithms, incorrect execution of commands, and use of expired certifications.
10. Broken Authentication and Session Management
This mainly occurs when session tokens or account credentials aren’t properly protected or verified thereby leaving loopholes through which attackers can steal passwords and keys for use during a crime.
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