Understanding the different parts of a domain and url

If you’re thinking of buying a domain name, there is a high chance that you already know what it is. However, you may be confused about terms like top level domain, uniform resource locator, top level domain and other terms. If you have been finding it hard to get the meaning of these, get somewhere to sit because this article is for you. As such, you will get a clear understanding of the term domain name and the exact way it fits into your browser address bar.
Understanding the different parts of a domain and url

Have this example for instance:

The address contains three main parts:
  • Before the period/dot
  • Between the dots
  • After the period/dot

The part with .com is known as the top-level domain (TLD)

Among the most popular Top level domains that you might come across the internet include;

  • .com; for commercial organizations
  • .org: for non-profits
  • .gov: owned by the government
  • .net: For Network resources
  • .edu: education
  • .tv: most often used by televisions.

Here, the most crucial part is in between the dots or what is referred to as the domain.

The domain has various rules including:

  • A domain does not allow spacing
  • Domain names are also not case sensitive

For example, if you use Domainname or domainname, you will land in the same location.

  • Numbers and dashes are allowed like for instance Domainname-123.

However, spaces between domain characters are not allowed.

  • Special characters are not allowed.

Special characters include @, #, $< %< ^< * and such.

  • Domains can contain many characters amounting to 63.

It is worth to note that suffixes make the domain longer, for instance, an extra four characters for .com or +6 characters for .co.uk.

A domain name is formed by a top level domain and the domain. The term domain is synonymous to a website address.

However, an additional part accompanies the domain name, and this can be slightly complicating; the part before the dot. This part called is called the sub-domain. The subdomains belong to one operator. It gives visitors a chance to channel their intentions into various parts of a website.

The URL and the domain names

The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) plays a critical role in directing you to a certain website. The URL has different parts which will be discussed in the example given below.

http://www.domainname.com:80/contact?docid=-782468276383&hl=en#00h02m30s

1. Protocol

You must have come across a group of these words, Http. This group of words stands for hypertext transfer protocol. The prefix helps us to identify the domain location the World Wide Web. Technically the protocol communicates with a web server during the sending and fetching of a particular web. On top of that, you might find that the Hyper Text Transfer Protocol is either secured or encrypted. This shows that the page requires you to give valuable information such as your credit card number or your bank account among other details. Other protocols commonly used include SMTP (simple mail transfer protocol as well as FTP (file transfer protocol)

2. Subdomain and domain name

The www.domainname.com part in that domain is called a sub-domain, and the rest is the domain name. They have to be unique names that will signify your location on the website.

3. Path

A port comes after the colon of a top level; it is labeled 80. The number 80 is mainly used for Http. The number 443 is mainly for a secure port. Additionally, the path is the listening module or the directory where particular data can be retrieved.

4. Query and parameter

The part that comes exactly after the question mark is commonly known as the query. It is generated from a database and mainly represents a dynamic request to your website. Concurrently, 782468276383 is referred to as the parameter and is defined as a small part of information found in the query.

5. Fragment

The term fragment means the string of words and numbers as well as words 00h02m30s. It is simply a section contained in a web page.

Now you know where and how to reach us

The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) as well as the domain name help to direct a person to a particular website on the internet. If you’re in need of visiting a website, you simply need to type the domain as well as the top level domain in your browser’s address bar and press the enter button.

It’s very important to learn the five parts of the URL even if you cannot remember the whole anatomy. By understanding them, you will understand the cyberspace.

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